Every year September 7 is celebrated as Independence Day in Brazil. On September 22, 1822, Brazil’s independence was officially declared. (But now it is celebrated on 7th September). Brazil was ruled by the Portuguese. The son of the Portuguese king, João VI, returned to Portugal after the king’s death, thus gaining independence for Brazil.
The country Brazil is called ‘Sete de Setembro’.
History of Brazil
Brazil’s history is a complex story of politics and power. Before the arrival of Europeans, Brazil was inhabited by Neolithic tribes, little is known about these settlements because there is little written evidence of their way of life.
1500 when the Portuguese established their colony and started cultivating sugarcane there. They brought people from Africa mainly as slaves to cultivate sugarcane, who had to work in the fields as slaves.
In 1532, São Vicente was established as the first permanent Portuguese settlement, and in 1549, Salvador was declared the first capital of Brazil. It became a major port for sugarcane and slaves. Slaves were brought from Africa to work as laborers and Brazil was able to expand through battles and wars. The Portuguese defeated the French and captured Rio de Janeiro and occupied many Dutch and British territories.